How to Grow Ridge Gourd in Home – Sowing, Basic Problems, Harvesting
Grow Ridge Gourd in your home or on terrace garden easily . In this post we will guide you through how to sow Ridge Gourd seeds and watering , basic diseases in Ridge Gourd farming . Follow the article and learn how easily you can grow Ridge Gourd in your Home or Terrace garden.
||5 to 10 days|
|Harvest Time||40 to 45 days|
Soil Requirement for Ridge Gourd
Soil mixing for the Ridge Gourd plant is very important to nourish the seeds. Soil Mixing stimulates growth process by providing essential nutrients, protecting the seeds and retaining moisture in a healthy way.
Mix 1 part of red soil with 1 part of vermicompost and 1 part of cocopeat. Also add handful of Neem power. Neem cake powder has insect controlling properties along with several nutrients useful for the soil and plants. Adding Neem powder to the soil mixing helps in elimination of harmful fungi and insects.
How To Sow Ridge Gourd Seeds ?
Sow the seeds at a depth of 1/2 inch (1.3 cm) at a distance of 4 inches (10.2 cm). We should keep the seeds moist during germination. It is easy to grow plant.
It will take few days to few weeks for the seeds begin to push tiny sprouts through the soil. At this point, they should be moved to natural sunlight.
A 24*12 Inch Grow bag or 12*12 Inch grow bag would be ideal for growing Ridge Gourd. Use 12*12 Grow bag for each plant or use 24*12 Grow bag for 2-4 plants for good yielding.
Flowering begins 1–2 months taking another month for fruits.
What are Sun Light and Water requirements for Grow Ridge Gourd Plant ?
The summer crop requires frequent watering at an interval of 3 to 4 days. The winter crop must be watered only when needed. Usually, the rainy season crop does not require irrigation.
Water on a regular basis with garden sprayer so that the potting mixture is always moist but never soaking. Keep soil moist, check daily and provide extra water during a heat wave. Too much water will drown out the Grow Ridge Gourd and cause them to grow less.
How To Care for Grow Ridge Gourd Plants ?
Once the first fruit have set pinch out the growing tip of the first flowering shoots to promote more branching and a better harvest. Remove the weeds with hand immediately.
After your plants reach about 3 feet tall, remove the leaves from the bottom foot of the stem. These are the oldest leaves, and they are usually the first leaves to develop fungus problems. As the plants fill out, the bottom leaves get the least amount of sun and airflow. Provide some support to the branches and give vertical space.
How To Harvest Grow Ridge Gourd ?
In around two months time (40-45 days) your Grow Ridge Gourd should be ready to harvest. When you are ready to pick a Grow Ridge Gourd, gently pull and twist the Grow Ridge Gourd off the plant making sure you hold the main plant stem so that you don’t snap it.
Ridge gourd fruits grow very fast even when you grow ridge gourd in pots. After pollination they are ready to pick in approximately 8-12 days. You can pick your gourd about 2-3 days after the fruit has stopped growing. Leaving it too long on the plant makes it fibrous and then it can not be consumed.
Basic Diseases In Ridge Gourd Plant Farming ?
In every plant we will see many types of insects and diseases . In Ridge Gourd plant farming we will observe the below mentioned diseases.
Older plants wilt suddenly and vascular bundles at the collar region show brown discolouration. Being a soil borne disease, chemical control is very difficult.
Cultivation of resistant varieties and crop rotation with resistant crops are viable methods for overcoming the disease. Test your soil and use a slow-release, organic fertilizer in the vegetable garden.
Angular leaf spot:
Angular Leaf Spot is an another bacterial leaf disease that infects Ridge gourd. Like most bacterial diseases it is most prevalent in warm (75-85˚ F) and wet or humid weather.
Apply sulfur sprays or copper-based fungicides weekly at first sign of disease to prevent its spread. These organic fungicides will not kill leaf spot, but prevent the spores from germinating.
This disease is endemic in warm and humid conditions where rainfall and humidity are high. Different types of symptoms are observed on leaves, petioles, stem and fruits. Symptoms on young fruits appear in the form of numerous water soaked depressed oval spots, which coalesce covering large areas. Under humid conditions, pink masses of spores can be seen in centre of these spots. Pink gummy exudation may also be seen on lesions due to exudation of spores. Symptoms on vines occur as brownish specks which grow into angular to circular spots. Girdling of affected portion leads to general blight symptoms.
Clean cultivation and crop rotation minimize disease incidence.Plant your plants in well-drained soil. You can also enrich the soil with compost in order to help plants resist diseases. Water your plants with a drip sprinkler, as opposed to an overhead sprinkler. … Keep ripening fruits from touching the soil.