How to Grow Tomatoes in Home – Sowing, Basic Problems, Harvesting
Grow Tomatoes at your home or on terrace garden easily . In this post we will guide about how to sow tomato seeds, Watering and Sun light requirements, basic diseases that may occur while growing and How to Harvest Tomatoes . Follow the article and learn how easily you can grow Tomato in your Home or Terrace garden
||North India : June-July-August, November-December
South India : January-February, June-July, October-November
||7 to 10 days|
|Harvest Time||70 to 85 days|
Soil requirement for Tomato Seeds
Soil mixing for the Tomatoes plant is very important to nourish the seeds. Soil Mixing stimulate growing process by providing essential nutrients, protecting the seeds and retaining moisture in a healthy way.
Mix 1 part of red soil with 1 part of vermicompost and 1 part of cocopeat. Also add handful of Neem power. Neem cake powder has insect controlling properties along with several nutrients useful for the soil and plants. Adding Neem powder to the soil mixing helps in elimination of harmful fungi and insects.
How to Sow Tomatoes Seeds?
Fill the Grow bag with soil and sow the tomato seeds at a depth of 1/2 inch (1.3 cm) at a distance of 4 inches (10.2 cm). We should keep the seeds moist during germination. Its better to transplant after germination.
A 24*12 Inch Grow bag or 12*12 Inch grow bag would be ideal for growing tomatoes. So, once the seeds have germinated, pick out the saplings and plant them separately in Grow Bag. Use 12*12 Grow bag for each plant or use 24*12 Grow bag for 4-5 plants for good yielding.
What are Sun Light and Water requirements for Tomato Plants
Tomatoes grow best in warm and humid conditions. Place them in an area that receives at least 6-8 hours of sunlight every day.
Water on a regular basis with garden sprayer so that the potting mixture is always moist but never soaking. Keep soil moist, check daily and provide extra water during a heat wave.
Water in the early morning. This gives plant the moisture it needs to make it through a hot day. Avoid watering late afternoon or evening.
How To Care for Tomatoes Plants?
Once the first fruit have set pinch out the growing tip of the first flowering shoots to promote more branching and a better harvest.
After your plants reach about 3 feet tall, remove the leaves from the bottom foot of the stem. These are the oldest leaves, and they are usually the first leaves to develop fungus problems. As the plants fill out, the bottom leaves get the least amount of sun and airflow.
How to Harvest Tomatoes?
In around two months time (70-85 days) your tomatoes should be ready to harvest. When the tomato has even color throughout, it is typically ready to be harvested. Tomatoes often ripen from the bottom up, so check the bottom of the tomato first for mature growth color. Once you’ve harvested the tomatoes, store them indoors to continue to ripen.
Basic Diseases In Tomato Plants?
Some of the common pests and diseases that could occur in tomato plant are mentioned below:
Borer lay eggs on flowers, the larvae after leaving the egg start to eat leaves and fruit. The larvae put holes in the Tomatoes. This pest could damage 40%-50%of tomatoes production. Grow Marigold as a trap crop with the help of this trap early pest attack detection is possible which is very helpful for the Effective management. At periodic intervals collect and destruct the Fruit Borer.
Leaf Curl Virus (Whiteflies)
Whitefly is a very harmful pest on tomato that transmits leaf curl virus. It sucks food from leave which deforms the young leaves. Leaf Curl Complex is a Virus transmitted by whitefly as well as by mechanical injury. Plants show stunted growth with downward rolling, curling, twisting and chlorosis leaves. Maintain field Sanitation by removing the weeds. The affected plants should be removed and destroyed.
Polyphagous insect-pests are the most destructive group of insect and pests in agriculture. It mines between two epidermal layers of the leaf and make serpentine mines. This activity reduces the photosynthetic process of plants, resulting in defoliation and produce unmarketable fruits. Observe and remove infected leaves. Apply neem cake in soil and repeat this operation after 25 days. Spray neem seed powder extract 4%.
Irregular leaf spots mostly appear from the marginal portion of leaves. Mostly these disease appears in the vegetative growth phase of the plant and before flowering. Symptoms of early blight appear on all above ground parts of the plant. Remove the bottom leaves of the plant.
The disease occurs severely during dry seasons. Powdery mildew infection appears as white, chalky spots on leaves. The fungus progressively attacks new leaves, spreading over leaf stems, twigs, and even the fruit. The leaves turn yellow, die and drop off. The fruit yield is reduced and the affected fruit are smaller in size.