How to Grow Yellow Round Cucumber in Home - Sowing, Basic Problems, Harvesting

How to Grow Yellow Round Cucumber in Home – Sowing, Basic Problems, Harvesting

How to Grow Yellow Round Cucumber in Home

Grow Yellow Round Cucumber in your home or on terrace garden easily . In this post we will guide you through how to sow Yellow Round Cucumber seeds and watering , basic diseases in Yellow Round Cucumber farming . Follow the article and learn how easily you can grow Yellow Round Cucumber in your Home or Terrace garden.

How to Grow Yellow Round Cucumber in Home - Sowing, Basic Problems, Harvesting

Sowing Time
June-July, September-October, December-January
Sowing Method
Direct
Germination Time
5 to 10 days
Harvest Time 85 to 90 days
Soil Requirement for Yellow Round Cucumber

Soil mixing for the Yellow Round Cucumber plant is very important to nourish the seeds. Soil Mixing stimulates growth process by providing essential nutrients, protecting the seeds and retaining moisture in a healthy way.

Mix 1 part of red soil with 1 part of vermicompost and 1 part of cocopeat. Also add handful of Neem power. Neem cake powder has insect controlling properties along with several nutrients useful for the soil and plants. Adding Neem powder to the soil mixing helps in elimination of harmful fungi and insects.

How To Sow Yellow Round Cucumber Seeds ?

Sow the seeds about half an inch deep and 6 inches apart. We should keep the seeds moist during germination. It is easy to grow plant.

It will take few days to few weeks for the seeds begin to push tiny sprouts through the soil. At this point, they should be moved to natural sunlight.

A 24*12 Inch Grow bag or 12*12 Inch grow bag would be ideal for growing Yellow Round Cucumber. Use 12*12 Grow bag for each plant or use 24*12 Grow bag for 2-3 plants for good yielding.

Flowering begins 1–2 months taking another month for fruits.

What are Sun Light and Water requirements for Grow Yellow Round Cucumber Plant  ?

The summer crop requires frequent watering at an interval of 3 to 4 days. The winter crop must be watered only when needed. Usually, the rainy season crop does not require irrigation.

Water on a regular basis with garden sprayer so that the potting mixture is always moist but never soaking. Keep soil moist, check daily and provide extra water during a heat wave. Too much water will drown out the Grow Yellow Round Cucumber and cause them to grow less.

How To Care for Grow Yellow Round Cucumber Plants ?

Once the first fruit have set pinch out the growing tip of the first flowering shoots to promote more branching and a better harvest. Remove the weeds with hand immediately.

After your plants reach about 3 feet tall, remove the leaves from the bottom foot of the stem. These are the oldest leaves, and they are usually the first leaves to develop fungus problems. As the plants fill out, the bottom leaves get the least amount of sun and airflow. Provide some support to the branches and give vertical space.

How To Harvest Grow Yellow Round Cucumber ?

In around two months time (85-90 days) your Grow Yellow Round Cucumber should be ready to harvest. When you are ready to pick a Grow Yellow Round Cucumber, gently pull and twist the Grow Yellow Round Cucumber off the plant making sure you hold the main plant stem so that you don’t snap it. 

Yellow Round Cucumber fruits grow very fast even when you grow Yellow Round Cucumber in pots. After pollination they are ready to pick in approximately 8-12 days. You can pick your gourd about 2-3 days after the fruit has stopped growing. Leaving it too long on the plant makes it fibrous and then it can not be consumed.

Basic Diseases In Yellow Round Cucumber Plant Farming ?

In every plant we will see many types of insects and diseases . In Yellow Round Cucumber plant farming we will observe the below mentioned diseases.

Alternaria leaf blight:

Alternaria leaf blight Yellow Round CucumberFungus is the cause of Alternaria leaf blight. Small, yellow-brown spots with a yellow or green halo that appear on the old leaves, as the disease progresses, lesions expand and become large necrotic patches, often with concentric patternation; lesions coalesce, leaves begin to curl and eventually die. Disease is prevalent in growing areas where temperatures are high and rainfall is frequent.

Prevention:

Crop debris should be removed from the field as quickly as possible after harvest or plowed deeply into the soil. Applications of appropriate protective fungicides can help to slow the development of the disease. Water plants from the base rather than from above to reduce periods of leaf wetness which are conducive to the development and spread of disease.

Anthracnose:

Anthracnose Yellow Round CucumberBrown roughly circular lesions with yellow edges on leaves, petioles, stems and/or fruit; lesions on resistant varieties appear tan with green edges; lesions dry out and drop out of leaves. Fungus is the main cause of Anthracnose disease. Disease favors warm temperatures.

Prevention:

Use only certified seeds which are Plant resistant varieties. Apply appropriate protective fungicides.

Target leaf spot:

Target leaf spot Yellow Round CucumberAngular yellow spots appear on older leaves as the disease progresses, the spots enlarge and become circular with light brown centers and dark margins; as lesions mature, they turn gray and drop out leaving holes in the leaves; if fruits become infected early in their growth then the blossom end may darken and become shriveled.

Prevention:

Sow Plant resistant varieties. Apply appropriate protective fungicide and sanitize equipment regularly.

Bacterial wilt:

Bacterial wilt Yellow Round Cucumber

Bacterium is the cause of Bacterial wilt. Individual runners or whole plant begins to wilt and rapidly die; infected runners appear dark green in color but rapidly become necrotic as the disease progresses.

Prevention:

Disease can be confirmed by cutting the stem and slowly pulling the two ends apart – infected plants will ooze strings of bacterial exudation. Control cucumber beetle populations on plants; hand pick adult beetles and destroy; soil and foliage application of appropriate insecticides may help to control populations.

 

How To Grow Ridge Gourd

How to Grow Ridge Gourd in Home – Sowing, Basic Problems, Harvesting

How to Grow Ridge Gourd in Home – Sowing, Basic Problems, Harvesting

Grow Ridge Gourd in your home or on terrace garden easily . In this post we will guide you through how to sow Ridge Gourd seeds and watering , basic diseases in Ridge Gourd farming . Follow the article and learn how easily you can grow Ridge Gourd in your Home or Terrace garden.

How to Grow Ridge Gourd in Home - Sowing, Basic Problems, Harvesting

Sowing Time
September-October-November-December
Sowing Method
Direct
Germination Time
5 to 10 days
Harvest Time 40 to 45 days
Soil Requirement for Ridge Gourd

Soil mixing for the Ridge Gourd plant is very important to nourish the seeds. Soil Mixing stimulates growth process by providing essential nutrients, protecting the seeds and retaining moisture in a healthy way.

Mix 1 part of red soil with 1 part of vermicompost and 1 part of cocopeat. Also add handful of Neem power. Neem cake powder has insect controlling properties along with several nutrients useful for the soil and plants. Adding Neem powder to the soil mixing helps in elimination of harmful fungi and insects.

How To Sow Ridge Gourd Seeds ?

Sow the seeds at a depth of 1/2 inch (1.3 cm) at a distance of 4 inches (10.2 cm). We should keep the seeds moist during germination. It is easy to grow plant.

It will take few days to few weeks for the seeds begin to push tiny sprouts through the soil. At this point, they should be moved to natural sunlight.

A 24*12 Inch Grow bag or 12*12 Inch grow bag would be ideal for growing Ridge Gourd. Use 12*12 Grow bag for each plant or use 24*12 Grow bag for 2-4 plants for good yielding.

Flowering begins 1–2 months taking another month for fruits.

What are Sun Light and Water requirements for Grow Ridge Gourd Plant  ?

The summer crop requires frequent watering at an interval of 3 to 4 days. The winter crop must be watered only when needed. Usually, the rainy season crop does not require irrigation.

Water on a regular basis with garden sprayer so that the potting mixture is always moist but never soaking. Keep soil moist, check daily and provide extra water during a heat wave. Too much water will drown out the Grow Ridge Gourd and cause them to grow less.

How To Care for Grow Ridge Gourd Plants ?

Once the first fruit have set pinch out the growing tip of the first flowering shoots to promote more branching and a better harvest. Remove the weeds with hand immediately.

After your plants reach about 3 feet tall, remove the leaves from the bottom foot of the stem. These are the oldest leaves, and they are usually the first leaves to develop fungus problems. As the plants fill out, the bottom leaves get the least amount of sun and airflow. Provide some support to the branches and give vertical space.

How To Harvest Grow Ridge Gourd ?

In around two months time (40-45 days) your Grow Ridge Gourd should be ready to harvest. When you are ready to pick a Grow Ridge Gourd, gently pull and twist the Grow Ridge Gourd off the plant making sure you hold the main plant stem so that you don’t snap it. 

Ridge gourd fruits grow very fast even when you grow ridge gourd in pots. After pollination they are ready to pick in approximately 8-12 days. You can pick your gourd about 2-3 days after the fruit has stopped growing. Leaving it too long on the plant makes it fibrous and then it can not be consumed.

Basic Diseases In Ridge Gourd Plant Farming ?

In every plant we will see many types of insects and diseases . In Ridge Gourd plant farming we will observe the below mentioned diseases.

Fusarium wilt:

Older plants wilt suddenly and vascular bundles at the collar region show brown discolouration. Being a soil borne disease, chemical control is very difficult.

Prevention:

Cultivation of resistant varieties and crop rotation with resistant crops are viable methods for overcoming the disease. Test your soil and use a slow-release, organic fertilizer in the vegetable garden.

 

Angular leaf spot:

Angular leaf spot ridge gourd

Angular Leaf Spot is an another bacterial leaf disease that infects Ridge gourd. Like most bacterial diseases it is most prevalent in warm (75-85˚ F) and wet or humid weather.

Prevention:

Apply sulfur sprays or copper-based fungicides weekly at first sign of disease to prevent its spread. These organic fungicides will not kill leaf spot, but prevent the spores from germinating.

 

Anthracnose:

Anthracnose

This disease is endemic in warm and humid conditions where rainfall and humidity are high. Different types of symptoms are observed on leaves, petioles, stem and fruits. Symptoms on young fruits appear in the form of numerous water soaked depressed oval spots, which coalesce covering large areas. Under humid conditions, pink masses of spores can be seen in centre of these spots. Pink gummy exudation may also be seen on lesions due to exudation of spores. Symptoms on vines occur as brownish specks which grow into angular to circular spots. Girdling of affected portion leads to general blight symptoms.

Prevention:

Clean cultivation and crop rotation minimize disease incidence.Plant your plants in well-drained soil. You can also enrich the soil with compost in order to help plants resist diseases. Water your plants with a drip sprinkler, as opposed to an overhead sprinkler. … Keep ripening fruits from touching the soil.

How To Grow Bottle Gourd in Home

How to Grow Bottle Gourd in Home – Sowing, Basic Problems, Harvesting

How to Grow Bottle Gourd in Home – Sowing, Basic Problems, Harvesting

Grow Bottle Gourd in your home or on terrace garden easily . In this post we will guide you through how to sow Bottle Gourd seeds and watering , basic diseases in Bottle Gourd farming . Follow the article and learn how easily you can grow Bottle Gourd in your Home or Terrace garden.

Sowing Time
January-February, June-July, November-December
Sowing Method
Direct
Germination Time
5 to 10 days
Harvest Time 60 to 70 days
Soil Requirement for Bottle Gourd

Soil mixing for the Bottle Gourd plant is very important to nourish the seeds. Soil Mixing stimulates growth process by providing essential nutrients, protecting the seeds and retaining moisture in a healthy way.

Mix 1 part of red soil with 1 part of vermicompost and 1 part of cocopeat. Also add handful of Neem power. Neem cake powder has insect controlling properties along with several nutrients useful for the soil and plants. Adding Neem powder to the soil mixing helps in elimination of harmful fungi and insects.

How To Sow Bottle Gourd Seeds ?

Seeds should be sown at a depth of 1 inch and at a distance of 1 feet from each other. We should keep the seeds moist during germination. We can sow Bottle Gourd Seeds directly.

It will take few days to few weeks for the seeds begin to push tiny sprouts through the soil. At this point, they should be moved to natural sunlight.

A 24*12 Inch Grow bag or 12*12 Inch grow bag would be ideal for growing Bottle Gourd. Use 12*12 Grow bag for each plant or use 24*12 Grow bag for 2-4 plants for good yielding.

Flowering begins 1–2 months taking another month for fruits.

What are Sun Light and Water requirements for Grow Bottle Gourd Plant  ?

The summer crop requires frequent watering at an interval of 3 to 4 days. The winter crop must be watered only when needed. Usually, the rainy season crop does not require irrigation.

Water on a regular basis with garden sprayer so that the potting mixture is always moist but never soaking. Keep soil moist, check daily and provide extra water during a heat wave. Too much water will drown out the Grow Bottle Gourd and cause them to grow less.

How To Care for Grow Bottle Gourd Plants ?

Once the first fruit have set pinch out the growing tip of the first flowering shoots to promote more branching and a better harvest. Remove the weeds with hand immediately.

After your plants reach about 3 feet tall, remove the leaves from the bottom foot of the stem. These are the oldest leaves, and they are usually the first leaves to develop fungus problems. As the plants fill out, the bottom leaves get the least amount of sun and airflow. Provide some support to the branches and give vertical space.

How To Harvest Grow Bottle Gourd ?

In around two months time (60-70 days) your Grow Bottle Gourd should be ready to harvest. When you are ready to pick a Grow Bottle Gourd, gently pull and twist the Grow Bottle Gourd off the plant making sure you hold the main plant stem so that you don’t snap it. 

The vegetables should be harvested when they are still green. Delay in harvesting causes the bottle gourd to become rotten or dried.

Basic Diseases In Bottle Gourd Plant Farming ?

In every plant we will see many types of insects and diseases . In Bottle Gourd plant farming we will observe the below mentioned diseases.

Downy Mildew:

Downy Mildew Bottle gourdSymptoms include pale green areas separated by dark green areas that appear on the upper surface of the leaf. The lower surface will be covered with faint purplish fungal growth. The entire leaf dries up quickly.

Prevention:

Use of bed system with wide spacing with good drainage and air movement. The exposure to the sun help to check the disease development.

The best way to prevent downy mildew is to avoid the environmental conditions that favor the disease. Prune or stake plants and remove any weeds to improve air circulation. Water must be done in the early morning hours.

Powdery mildew:

Powdery mildew bottle gourdPowdery mildew is especially prevalent in hot dry conditions. White or brown mealy growth will be found on upper and lower surfaces and stems. Under severe infestations, the plant will be weakened and stunted.

Prevention:

Do Not Crowd Plants, spacing between the plants helps reduce the powdery mildew. Do Not Grow Susceptible Plants in the Shade, plants need sufficient sunlight to make there food. Dispose of Infected Leaves and Stems by hand. Watering must be done to moist the Soil, not the Plants.

 

Mosaic Virus:

Mosaic Virus bottle gourd

The leaves will be severely mottled with alternating light green and dark green patches. Plants will be stunted, and fruits will be covered with bumpy protrusions. Severely affected fruit may be almost entirely white. Mosaic virus will be transferred by aphids and survives on a wide variety of plants.

Prevention:

Discard virus infected plants. Eliminate weeds and infected perennial ornamental that may harbor the virus is critical. Spray with any one of the systemic insecticides.

Cercospora leaf spot:

Cercospora leaf spot bottle gourdBrown spots or yellow specks develop initially on leaves and the spots enlarge rapidly and becomes circular to irregular with pale brown, tan or white centers and purple to almost black margins. The leaf may dry and die presenting the leaf a scorched appearance.

Prevention:

Avoid over watering or watering in the late evening to reduce free moisture. Avoid overhead watering where the water can dislodge and disperse spores to uninfected plants. Space plants to encourage air movement and reduce high humidity levels.

How to Grow Brinjal in Home - Sowing, Basic Problems, Harvesting

How to Grow Brinjal in Home – Sowing, Basic Problems, Harvesting

How to Grow Brinjal in Home – Sowing, Basic Problems, Harvesting

Grow Brinjal in your home or on terrace garden easily . In this post we will guide you through how to sow Brinjal seeds and watering , basic diseases in Brinjal farming . Follow the article and learn how easily you can grow Brinjal in your Home or Terrace garden.

How to Grow Brinjal in Home - Sowing, Basic Problems, Harvesting

Sowing Time
South India : January, October-November
North India : January, May-June-July, October
Sowing Method
Transplant or Direct
Germination Time
5 to 8 days
Harvest Time 50 to 60 days
Soil Requirement for Brinjal

Soil mixing for the Brinjal plant is very important to nourish the seeds. Soil Mixing stimulates growth process by providing essential nutrients, protecting the seeds and retaining moisture in a healthy way.

Mix 1 part of red soil with 1 part of vermicompost and 1 part of cocopeat. Also add handful of Neem power. Neem cake powder has insect controlling properties along with several nutrients useful for the soil and plants. Adding Neem powder to the soil mixing helps in elimination of harmful fungi and insects.

How To Sow Brinjal Seeds ?

Fill the Grow bag with soil-mix and sow the Brinjal seeds at a depth of 1 cm at a distance of 15 cm. We should keep the seeds moist during germination. We can sow Brinjal seeds directly.

It will take few days to few weeks for the seeds begin to push tiny sprouts through the soil. At this point, they should be moved to natural sunlight.

A 24*12 Inch Grow bag or 12*12 Inch grow bag would be ideal for growing Brinjal. So, once the seeds have germinated, pick out the saplings and plant them separately in Grow Bag. Use 12*12 Grow bag for each plant or use 24*12 Grow bag for 4-5 plants for good yielding.

Flowering begins 1–2 months after transplanting taking another month for fruits.

What are Sun Light and Water requirements for Grow Brinjal Plant  ?

Place them in an area that receives at least 6-8 hours of sunlight every day.

Water on a regular basis with garden sprayer so that the potting mixture is always moist but never soaking. Keep soil moist, check daily and provide extra water during a heat wave. Too much water will drown out the Grow Brinjal and cause them to grow less.

How To Care for Grow Brinjal Plants ?

Once the first fruit have set pinch out the growing tip of the first flowering shoots to promote more branching and a better harvest.

After your plants reach about 3 feet tall, remove the leaves from the bottom foot of the stem. These are the oldest leaves, and they are usually the first leaves to develop fungus problems. As the plants fill out, the bottom leaves get the least amount of sun and airflow.

How To Harvest Grow  Brinjal ?

In around two months time (50-60 days) your Grow Brinjal should be ready to harvest. When you are ready to pick a Grow Brinjal, gently pull and twist the Grow Brinjal off the plant making sure you hold the main plant stem so that you don’t snap it. 

Pick regular-sized eggplants at 4-5 inches long. Look for firm fruits, with a glossy shine. Dull skin is a sign that the plants are overripe.

Basic Diseases In Brinjal Plant Farming ?

In every plant we will see many types of insects and diseases . In Brinjal plant farming we will observe the below mentioned diseases.

Shoot Borer:

Shoot borer brinjal

Fruit and shoot borer is the most destructive pest of brinjal. The damage by this insect starts soon after transplanting of the seedlings and continues till harvest of fruits. Eggs are laid singly on ventral surface of leaves, shoots, and flower-buds and occasionally on fruits. In young plants, appearance of wilted drooping shoots is the typical symptom of damage by this pest; these affected shoots ultimately wither and die away.

Rogue out the affected plants and destroy them. Use Natural homemade organic pesticide to control it.

Phomopsis Blight and Fruit rot:

Brinjal Phomopsis blight and fruit rot

Phomopsis blight is a serious fungal disease of brinjal which is caused by the fungi Phomopsis vexans. It affects mostly stems, leaves and fruits of brinjal. Serious infection stem symptoms of this fungal disease include brown or dark sunken lesions slightly above the soil surface and can result in cankers. Seedlings eventually collapse and die. Affected leaves may turn yellow and drop prematurely.

Use of disease free seeds, seeds treatment with some fungicide and long crop rotation are the most common remedial measures of this disease

 

Leaf Spot:

Leaf spot brinjalThe disease symptoms are characterized by chlorotic lesion, angular to irregular in shape, later turning grayish-brown. Infected leaves will drop off prematurely, resulting in reduced fruit yield causes characteristic leaf spots with concentric rings.

 

 

 

Mosaic Virus:

Brinjal mosaic virus

Infected leaves are deformed, small and leathery. Very few fruits are produced on infected plants. Leaves also develop blisters in advanced cases. Severely infected leaves become small and misshapen. Plants infected early remain stunted. Destroy all weeds and avoid planting other plants near brinjal seed beds and field.

 

 

 

Collar Rot:

 

collar rot

The disease occasionally occurs in serious form. The lower portion of the stem is affected by the soil borne inoculum (sclerotia). Decortication is the main symptom. Exposure and necrosis of underlying tissues may lead to the collapse of the plant.

Lack of plant vigour, accumulation of water around the stem, and mechanical injuries help in the development of this disease. Exposure and necrosis of underlying tissues may lead to collapse of the plant. Near the ground surface on the stem may be seen the mycelia and sclerotia.

How to Grow Green Brinjal in Home – Sowing, Basic Problems, Harvesting

How to Grow Green Brinjal in Home – Sowing, Basic Problems, Harvesting

How to Grow Green Brinjal in Home – Sowing, Basic Problems, Harvesting

Grow Green Brinjal in your home or on terrace garden easily . In this post we will guide you through how to sow Green Brinjal seeds and watering , basic diseases in Green Brinjal farming . Follow the article and learn how easily you can grow Green Brinjal in your Home or Terrace garden.

How to Grow Green Brinjal in Home - Sowing, Basic Problems, Harvesting

Sowing Time
South India : January, October-November
North India : January, May-June-July, October
Sowing Method
Transplant or Direct
Germination Time
5 to 8 days
Harvest Time 60 to 70 days
Soil Requirement for Green Brinjal

Soil mixing for the Green Brinjal plant is very important to nourish the seeds. Soil Mixing stimulates growth process by providing essential nutrients, protecting the seeds and retaining moisture in a healthy way.

Mix 1 part of red soil with 1 part of vermicompost and 1 part of cocopeat. Also add handful of Neem power. Neem cake powder has insect controlling properties along with several nutrients useful for the soil and plants. Adding Neem powder to the soil mixing helps in elimination of harmful fungi and insects.

How To Sow Green Brinjal Seeds ?

Fill the Grow bag with soil-mix and sow the Green Brinjal seeds at a depth of 1 cm at a distance of 15 cm. We should keep the seeds moist during germination. We can sow Green Brinjal seeds directly.

It will take few days to few weeks for the seeds begin to push tiny sprouts through the soil. At this point, they should be moved to natural sunlight.

A 24*12 Inch Grow bag or 12*12 Inch grow bag would be ideal for growing Green Brinjal. So, once the seeds have germinated, pick out the saplings and plant them separately in Grow Bag. Use 12*12 Grow bag for each plant or use 24*12 Grow bag for 4-5 plants for good yielding.

Flowering begins 1–2 months after transplanting taking another month for green fruits.

What are Sun Light and Water requirements for Grow Green Brinjal Plant  ?

Place them in an area that receives at least 6-8 hours of sunlight every day.

Water on a regular basis with garden sprayer so that the potting mixture is always moist but never soaking. Keep soil moist, check daily and provide extra water during a heat wave. Too much water will drown out the Grow Green Brinjal and cause them to grow less.

How To Care for Grow Green Brinjal Plants ?

Once the first fruit have set pinch out the growing tip of the first flowering shoots to promote more branching and a better harvest.

After your plants reach about 3 feet tall, remove the leaves from the bottom foot of the stem. These are the oldest leaves, and they are usually the first leaves to develop fungus problems. As the plants fill out, the bottom leaves get the least amount of sun and airflow.

How To Harvest Grow Green Brinjal ?

In around two months time (60-70 days) your Grow Green Brinjal should be ready to harvest. When you are ready to pick a Grow Green Brinjal, gently pull and twist the Grow Green Brinjal off the plant making sure you hold the main plant stem so that you don’t snap it. 

Pick regular-sized eggplants at 4-5 inches long. Look for firm fruits, with a glossy shine. Dull skin is a sign that the plants are overripe.

Basic Diseases In Green Brinjal Plant Farming ?

In every plant we will see many types of insects and diseases . In Green Brinjal plant farming we will observe the below mentioned diseases.

Shoot borer:

 

Shoot borer

Fruit and shoot borer is the most destructive pest of brinjal. The damage by this insect starts soon after transplanting of the seedlings and continues till harvest of fruits. Eggs are laid singly on ventral surface of leaves, shoots, and flower-buds and occasionally on fruits. In young plants, appearance of wilted drooping shoots is the typical symptom of damage by this pest; these affected shoots ultimately wither and die away.

Rogue out the affected plants and destroy them. Use Natural homemade organic pesticide to control it.

Phomopsis blight and fruit rot:

 

Phomopsis blight and fruit rot:

Phomopsis blight is a serious fungal disease of brinjal which is caused by the fungi Phomopsis vexans. It affects mostly stems, leaves and fruits of brinjal. Serious infection stem symptoms of this fungal disease include brown or dark sunken lesions slightly above the soil surface and can result in cankers. Seedlings eventually collapse and die. Affected leaves may turn yellow and drop prematurely.

Use of disease free seeds, seeds treatment with some fungicide and long crop rotation are the most common remedial measures of this disease

 

 

Leaf spot:

 

Leaf spot brinjal

The disease symptoms are characterized by chlorotic lesion, angular to irregular in shape, later turning grayish-brown. Infected leaves will drop off prematurely, resulting in reduced fruit yield causes characteristic leaf spots with concentric rings.

 

 

 

Mosaic Virus:

 

Brinjal mosaic virus

Infected leaves are deformed, small and leathery. Very few fruits are produced on infected plants. Leaves also develop blisters in advanced cases. Severely infected leaves become small and misshapen. Plants infected early remain stunted. Destroy all weeds and avoid planting other plants near brinjal seed beds and field.

 

 

 

Collar Rot:

 

collar rot

The disease occasionally occurs in serious form. The lower portion of the stem is affected by the soil borne inoculum (sclerotia). Decortication is the main symptom. Exposure and necrosis of underlying tissues may lead to the collapse of the plant.

Lack of plant vigour, accumulation of water around the stem, and mechanical injuries help in the development of this disease. Exposure and necrosis of underlying tissues may lead to collapse of the plant. Near the ground surface on the stem may be seen the mycelia and sclerotia.

How to Grow Green Brinjal in Home – Sowing, Basic Problems, Harvesting

How to Grow Long Purple Brinjal in Home – Sowing, Basic Problems, Harvesting

How to Grow Long Purple Brinjal in Home – Sowing, Basic Problems, Harvesting

Grow Long Purple Brinjal in your home or on terrace garden easily . In this post we will guide you through how to sow Long Purple Brinjal seeds and watering , basic diseases in Long Purple Brinjal farming . Follow the article and learn how easily you can grow Long Purple Brinjal in your Home or Terrace garden.

How to Grow Long Purple Brinjal in Home - Sowing, Basic Problems, Harvesting

Sowing Time
South India : January, October-November
North India : January, May-June-July, October
Sowing Method
Transplant or Direct
Germination Time
5 to 8 days
Harvest Time 50 to 60 days
Soil Requirement for Long Purple Brinjal

Soil mixing for the Long Purple Brinjal plant is very important to nourish the seeds. Soil Mixing stimulates growth process by providing essential nutrients, protecting the seeds and retaining moisture in a healthy way.

Mix 1 part of red soil with 1 part of vermicompost and 1 part of cocopeat. Also add handful of Neem power. Neem cake powder has insect controlling properties along with several nutrients useful for the soil and plants. Adding Neem powder to the soil mixing helps in elimination of harmful fungi and insects.

How To Sow Long Purple Brinjal Seeds ?

Fill the Grow bag with soil-mix and sow the Long Purple Brinjal seeds at a depth of 1 cm at a distance of 15 cm. We should keep the seeds moist during germination. We can sow Long Purple Brinjal seeds directly.

It will take few days to few weeks for the seeds begin to push tiny sprouts through the soil. At this point, they should be moved to natural sunlight.

A 24*12 Inch Grow bag or 12*12 Inch grow bag would be ideal for growing Long Purple Brinjal. So, once the seeds have germinated, pick out the saplings and plant them separately in Grow Bag. Use 12*12 Grow bag for each plant or use 24*12 Grow bag for 4-5 plants for good yielding.

Flowering begins 1–2 months after transplanting taking another month for green fruits.

What are Sun Light and Water requirements for Grow Long Purple Brinjal Plant  ?

Place them in an area that receives at least 6-8 hours of sunlight every day.

Water on a regular basis with garden sprayer so that the potting mixture is always moist but never soaking. Keep soil moist, check daily and provide extra water during a heat wave. Too much water will drown out the Grow Long Purple Brinjal and cause them to grow less.

How To Care for Grow Long Purple Brinjal Plants ?

Once the first fruit have set pinch out the growing tip of the first flowering shoots to promote more branching and a better harvest.

After your plants reach about 3 feet tall, remove the leaves from the bottom foot of the stem. These are the oldest leaves, and they are usually the first leaves to develop fungus problems. As the plants fill out, the bottom leaves get the least amount of sun and airflow.

How To Harvest Grow Long Purple Brinjal ?

In around two months time (50-60 days) your Grow Long Purple Brinjal should be ready to harvest. When you are ready to pick a Grow Long Purple Brinjal, gently pull and twist the Grow Long Purple Brinjal off the plant making sure you hold the main plant stem so that you don’t snap it. 

Pick regular-sized eggplants at 4-5 inches long. Look for firm fruits, with a glossy shine. Dull skin is a sign that the plants are overripe.

Basic Diseases In Long Purple Brinjal Plant Farming ?

In every plant we will see many types of insects and diseases . In Long Purple Brinjal plant farming we will observe the below mentioned diseases.

Shoot borer:

Fruit and shoot borer is the most destructive pest of brinjal. The damage by this insect starts soon after transplanting of the seedlings and continues till harvest of fruits. Eggs are laid singly on ventral surface of leaves, shoots, and flower-buds and occasionally on fruits. In young plants, appearance of wilted drooping shoots is the typical symptom of damage by this pest; these affected shoots ultimately wither and die away.

Rogue out the affected plants and destroy them. Use Natural homemade organic pesticide to control it.

Brinjal fruit and shoot borer

Phomopsis blight and fruit rot:

Phomopsis blight is a serious fungal disease of brinjal which is caused by the fungi Phomopsis vexans. It affects mostly stems, leaves and fruits of brinjal. Serious infection stem symptoms of this fungal disease include brown or dark sunken lesions slightly above the soil surface and can result in cankers. Seedlings eventually collapse and die. Affected leaves may turn yellow and drop prematurely.

Use of disease free seeds, seeds treatment with some fungicide and long crop rotation are the most common remedial measures of this disease

Brinjal Phomopsis blight and fruit rot

Leaf spot:

The disease symptoms are characterized by chlorotic lesion, angular to irregular in shape, later turning grayish-brown. Infected leaves will drop off prematurely, resulting in reduced fruit yield causes characteristic leaf spots with concentric rings.

Leaf spot brinjal

mosaic virus:

Infected leaves are deformed, small and leathery. Very few fruits are produced on infected plants. Leaves also develop blisters in advanced cases. Severely infected leaves become small and misshapen. Plants infected early remain stunted. Destroy all weeds and avoid planting other plants near brinjal seed beds and field.

Brinjal mosaic virus

collar rot:

The disease occasionally occurs in serious form. The lower portion of the stem is affected by the soil borne inoculum (sclerotia). Decortication is the main symptom. Exposure and necrosis of underlying tissues may lead to the collapse of the plant.

Lack of plant vigour, accumulation of water around the stem, and mechanical injuries help in the development of this disease. Exposure and necrosis of underlying tissues may lead to collapse of the plant. Near the ground surface on the stem may be seen the mycelia and sclerotia.

collar rot

How to Grow Okra in Home - Sowing, Basic Problems, Harvesting

How to Grow Okra in Home – Sowing, Basic Problems, Harvesting

How to Grow Okra in Home – Sowing, Basic Problems, Harvesting

Grow Okra / Lady Finger in your home or on terrace garden easily . In this post we will guide you through how to sow Okra seeds and watering , basic diseases in okra / lady finger farming . Follow the article and learn how easily you can grow Okra (Lady Finger) in your Home or Terrace garden.

How to Grow Okra in Home - Sowing, Basic Problems, Harvesting

Sowing Time
South India : January, March-April-May, November
North India : February, June-July
Sowing Method
Direct
Germination Time
5 to 10 days
Harvest Time 50 to 60 days
Soil Requirement for Okra

Soil mixing for the Okra plant is very important to nourish the seeds. Soil Mixing stimulates growth process by providing essential nutrients, protecting the seeds and retaining moisture in a healthy way.

Mix 1 part of red soil with 1 part of vermicompost and 1 part of cocopeat. Also add handful of Neem power. Neem cake powder has insect controlling properties along with several nutrients useful for the soil and plants. Adding Neem powder to the soil mixing helps in elimination of harmful fungi and insects.

How To Sow Okra Seeds ?

Fill the Grow bag with soil-mix and sow the Okra seeds at a depth of 1/2 inch (1.3 cm) at a distance of 12 inches (10.2 cm). We should keep the seeds moist during germination. We can sow okra / lady finger seeds directly.

It will take few days to few weeks for the seeds begin to push tiny sprouts through the soil. At this point, they should be moved to natural sunlight.

A 24*12 Inch Grow bag or 12*12 Inch grow bag would be ideal for growing Okra / Lady Finger. So, once the seeds have germinated, pick out the saplings and plant them separately in Grow Bag. Use 12*12 Grow bag for each plant or use 24*12 Grow bag for 4-5 plants for good yielding.

Flowering begins 1–2 months after transplanting taking another month for green fruits.

What are Sun Light and Water requirements for Okra Plant  ?

Place them in an area that receives at least 6-8 hours of sunlight every day.

Water on a regular basis with garden sprayer so that the potting mixture is always moist but never soaking. Keep soil moist, check daily and provide extra water during a heat wave. Too much water will drown out the okra and cause them to grow less.

How To Care for Okra Plants ?

Once the first fruit have set pinch out the growing tip of the first flowering shoots to promote more branching and a better harvest.

After your plants reach about 3 feet tall, remove the leaves from the bottom foot of the stem. These are the oldest leaves, and they are usually the first leaves to develop fungus problems. As the plants fill out, the bottom leaves get the least amount of sun and airflow.

How To Harvest Okra ?

In around two months time (50-60 days) your okra should be ready to harvest. When you are ready to pick a okra, gently pull and twist the okra off the plant making sure you hold the main plant stem so that you don’t snap it. In Okra, first picking should be done at green stage to stimulate further growth of flowers and fruit set.

Harvest the okra when it’s about 2 to 3 inches long. Harvest it every other day. Cut the stem just above the cap with a knife; if the stem is too hard to cut, the pod is probably too old and should be tossed.

Basic Diseases In Okra Plant Farming ?

In every plant we will see many types of insects and diseases . In okra plant farming we will observe the below mentioned diseases.

Damping Off:

 

Damping Off of Okra plant

Cool, cloudy weather, high humidity, wet soils, compacted soil, and overcrowding especially favor development of damping-off. Damping-off kills seedlings before or soon after they emerge. Infection before seedling emergence results in poor germination.

Excessive irrigation should be avoided to reduce humidity around the plants. The field should be regularly inspected for the disease-affected seedlings. Such seedlings should be removed and destroyed.

Powdery Mildew :

 

Powdery Mildew of okra

The disease is found mainly on the older leaves and stems of plants. Yields of many of the infected vegetables are reduced due to premature foliage loss. Increased humidity can increase the severity of the disease, and infection is enhanced during periods of heavy dew. A large part of the talc-like powder on the leaf surface is composed of spores. These spores are easily blown by winds to nearby susceptible plants. Heavily infected leaves become yellow, then become dry and brown.

Healthy, vigorous leaves and stems are less prone to infection. Plants under nutritional stress in most cases will develop powdery mildew much sooner than plants the same age grown under a good nutritional program. Hence the plant should be well manured and application of fertilizers should be done on the basis of standard recommendations.

Cercospora Leaf Spot:

 

Cercospora Leaf Spot of okra

Brown, irregular spots and sooty black angular spots on the leaf is caused by Cercospora abelmoschi and C. malayensis. The disease causes severe defoliation during humid seasons.

Since the fungus survives on the diseased plant material, removal and destruction and of diseased plant material helps to check the spread of the disease.

 

Yellow Vein Mosaic Virus:

yellow vein mosaic virus of okra

This is the most important and destructive viral disease in bhendi. The disease infects at all the stages of crop growth and severely reduces growth and yield. The disease is transmitted by white fly.The characteristic symptoms of the disease are a homogenous interwoven network of yellow veins enclosing islands of green tissues.

Removal and destruction of virus affected plants and planting of disease resistance varieties reduces the disease incidence. Controlling the whitefly population minimizes the incidence of YVMV.

 

Enation Leaf Curl of Okra:

 

Enation Leaf Curl of Okra

The natural transmission of the disease occurs through whitefly. The disease symptoms appear prominently on the lower surface of the leaf as small, pin head enations. These later on become warty and rough textured. Size of the leaf is reduced. The most characteristic symptoms of the disease are twisting of the main stem and lateral branches along with enations.

Removal and destruction of virus affected plants reduces the disease incidence. Controlling the whitefly population minimizes the incidence of Enation Leaf Curl.

How To Prepare Organic Pesticide at Home

How To Prepare Organic Pesticide at Home

How To Prepare Organic Pesticide at Home

know how to prepare organic pesticide at home with organic products available in your home . You can prepare organic pesticide and insecticides and use them for controlling the insects and diseases affects your plants .

The focus of home and terrace gardeners is to grow their vegetables without using harmful chemicals for removing pests or insects. We have given list of DIY organic home made pesticides, insecticides and fungicide for home and terrace gardening.

Insects and pests destroy all our vegetables and flowers in garden, removing all the pests or insects manually is time consuming. To overcome this problem, we have discussed easy to make, inexpensive, natural and organic methods to make pesticides, insecticides and fungicide in your home for your garden.

How To Prepare Organic Pesticide at Home

 

Organic Oil Insecticide Spray

It is easy to make and can me made only with 2 ingredients that are available at your home. It is a natural insecticide that won’t harm your garden and will devastate insects like aphids, thrips and mites.

Organic oil insecticide spray

Ingredients

  • 1 cup of mineral oil or vegetable oil
  • 1 tbsp of soap

Method

Add 1 cup of white mineral oil or vegetable oil and 1 tbsp of soap, mix it well. Before applying it on the insects we must dilute this solution with water. Take 500ml of water and add 3 to 4 tsp of Organic insecticide spray shake these ingredients well, Spay it directly on the effected area.

You can also use essential oils or horticultural oils and mild dish soap as ingredients. Use this mixture once a week till the problem resolves. Peppermint essential oil is highly preferred oil due to its effectiveness. This spray wrap the insects bodies by blocking them to breathe. This organic pesticide also works well for dehydrating insects and their eggs.

Store the rest of the concentrate (without water) in a airtight bottle for approximately three months, and use it again when needed. Apply this at night, spraying it during hot day burns the leaves.

Neem Oil Pesticide Spray

Neem oil spay is a traditionally used insecticide. Neem oil is extracted from neem tree. Neem oil is used to control many pests, including white fly, aphids, Japanese beetles, moth larvae, scale, and spider mites. Neem oil is one the most powerful natural pesticide and insecticide.

Ingredients

  • 2 tsp Neem oil
  • 1 tsp liquid soap
  • 1 Liter Water

Method

Add the above mentioned ingredients in a spray bottle and shake the bottle well. Spray the solution on the pests and insects. Use it once or twice until you notice a vast improvement. One or two treatments are sufficient to get rid of insects from your garden.

Some pests and insects will repel with its strong smell. It also kills pests after they have eaten leaves sprayed with this neem oil spray. It destroys the insect’s life cycle like the egg, larvae and adult stages. It is highly effective against pests, including fungus.

Garlic Pesticide Spray

You can prepare garlic pesticide spray at home easily. Garlic Pesticide spray is an excellent agent for pest control, including ants, aphids, apple maggots, caterpillars, chinch bugs, codling moths, cutworms, earwigs, sowbugs, flies, grasshoppers, grubs, Japanese Beetles, leafhoppers, leafminers, loopers, mealybugs, mite, pysillids, scale, slug, snails, thrips, whiteflies, termites, borers and army-worms.

Garlic Pesticide Spray

Ingredients

  • 2 whole garlic bulbs
  • 1/2 cup of vegetable oil
  • 1 tsp liquid soap
  • 1 Liter Water

Method

Make garlic cloves paste and add it to 1 liter of water to create the solution, Keep the solution overnight. Strain the solution, add vegetable oil and liquid soap. It is a concentrated liquid. To use it add 1 cup of liquid to 500 ml of water to the spray bottle, shake it well before spraying on the pests or insects.

It is safe to use as often, although just one spray is enough to deter most garden pests. Garlic pesticide spray is a natural solution that is perfectly safe and healthy and it won’t penetrate into your vegetables.

With its natural antibacterial, antifungal, and antiviral properties, garlic is an excellent pesticide. The purpose of oil and soap is to retain the mixture on leaves.

Onion Garlic Chilli Pesticide Spray

If you need a more powerful homemade pesticide or insecticide then choose this onion garlic chilli pesticide spray. Garlic and chilli pepper are natural insect repellent. Cabbage loopers, leafhoppers, Japanese beetles, aphids, slugs, , borers and many other insects and pests will repeal by this spray

Onion Garlic Chilli Pesticide Spray

Ingredients

  • 1 whole garlic bulb
  • 1 small onion
  • 1 tsp chilli powder
  • 1 tsp liquid soap
  • 1 Liter Water

Method

Mince 1 garlic bulb and 1 onion, Add it to 1 liter of water. Wait an hour and add 1 teaspoon of chilli powder and 1 tablespoon of liquid Castile soap to the mix. Pour the liquid in the spray bottle and use that mix as needed. This organic spray will hold its potency for one week if stored in the refrigerator.

Bugs don’t like the smell of garlic and red pepper as they contain certain substances that irritate insects.

Organic Fungicide Spray

Powdery mildew is easily recognizable as it looks like someone has used a flour or powder across the leaves of affected plants. When this fungus goes unchecked, Powdery mildew can pop up on other garden plants, too. Organic Fungicide Spray helps to relieve fungus from the effected plants.

Organic Fungicide Spray

Ingredients

  • 4 teaspoons of baking soda
  • 1 teaspoon of mild soap
  • 1 gallon of water

Method

Mix baking soda, mild dish soap preferably without phosphates and water. Pour the solution into a spray bottle. Spray all leaves thoroughly, until the solution begins to run off. Spray the top and bottom of affected leaves, you can also spray it on small new leaves, even if they don’t appear so that the fungus won’t attack new leaves.

Powdery mildew can spring up during dry conditions, especially when you have hot, dry days and cool nights. Make sure that they are getting regular water during summer hot streaks.

Garlic Mint Garden Spray

Garlic Mint Garden Spray is used both as a insecticide and pesticide. This homemade garlic mint Garden spray works well by using in one or two applications. It is very easy to make and it is also safe to your plants. The combination of garlic cloves, mint leaves and cayenne pepper will get rid of bugs in your garden and it also helps to repair the damaged plants that are already affected by insects.

Garlic Mint Garden Spray

Ingredients

  • 2 whole garlic bulbs
  • 3 cups mint leaves and stems
  • 2 teaspoons dry chilli
  • 12 cups water
  • 1 tbsp biodegradable dish washing liquid

Method

Grind garlic and mint to paste. Transfer mixture to a large pot filled with water and add dry chilli, boil the mixture and let it sit overnight. Strain into a Garden sprayer bottle and add the two small squirts of dish soap.

Shake the solution well before each use. Spray it on the effected leaves preferably on a cloudy day or at evening so that the plants won’t burn. Wait a few days to see the affect and then apply more if needed. This spray works mainly  by repelling bugs. This solution kills insects and pests.

Castile Soap Insecticidal Spray

The basic insecticidal soap is actually a 2% soap solution. It is easy to make insecticide spay made with only two ingredients. This spray is highly effective for mealy-bugs, earwigs, aphids, scales, thrips, chiggers, fleas, and mites. On the other hand, it is ineffective on beetles and caterpillars.

Castile Soap Insecticidal Spray

Ingredients

  • 2 tbsp soap flakes or Castile soap
  • 1 Liter Water

Method

Make the solution by mixing the above mentioned ingredients and occasionally spray your plants. If you add a tbsp of cooking oil into the mixture, it will cling better to leaves. With a few drops of lemon or orange essential oil, this natural insecticide will be particularly effective against ants.

It is the solutions that won’t harm your plants or cause chemicals to build up on the foods that they produce. Castile soap is perfect because it is safe to use on plants and effective on bugs.

Epsom Salt Pesticide Spray

Epsom salt is nothing but Magnesium sulfate. It is widely used for plants to get rid of bugs. If you want to treat plants infected with spider mites then mix 2 tablespoons of Himalayan crystal salt into 1 gallon of warm water and spray on infected areas. If your plants attacked by pests, especially beetles and slugs then use epsom salt.

Epsom Salt Pesticide Spray

Ingredients

  • 1 tsp Epsom Salt
  • 1 Liter Water

Method

You can sprinkle epsom salt around your herbs. If you want to use it as a sprayer then mix 1 tsp of epsom salt in 1 liter of water, mix the solution well. Spray it on the effected plants.

 

Tobacco Pesticide Spray

Tobacco is a traditional insecticide as it contains nicotine that is deadly toxic to all insects. It is commonly used pesticide for killing pests, caterpillars and aphids.

Tobacco Pesticide Spray

Ingredients

  • 1/4 cup cigarette butts or 4 tsp of tobacco powder.
  • 1 Liter Water.

Method

Gather 1/4 cup of cigarette butts or 4 tsp of organic tobacco and mix it into 1 Liter of water. Let the solution mix sit for 24 hours. The mix should have a light brown color, If it is very dark then add more water. Strain the water and add it to the sprayer.

This mix can be used on most plants, except those in the solanaceous family of tomatoes, peppers, eggplants, Datura, Petunias, or Nicotiana flowers.

Diatomaceous Earth for Plants

Diatomaceous Earth is used for plants as it is a sedimentary rock consisted of Diatoms (fossilized algae). Among other things, it is used as an insecticide. This insecticide absorbs the lipids from an exoskeleton of the insects. Consequently, it dehydrates bugs to death.

Diatomaceous Earth for Plants

Ingredients

  • 1 cup of Diatomaceous Earth
  • 2 tsp of Dry chillies into a fine powder
  • 2 Liters Water.

Method

You can use Diatomaceous Earth for plants by sprinkling on the foliage or dusting the soil around your plants. To get a full effect, reapply it after every rain or sprinkle it after watering the plants. This will help the powder stick to plant surfaces.

If you want to use it as a sprayer then take 2 tsp of dry chill powder and mix it with one cup of diatomaceous earth. Now add it to 2 liters of water and let it sit overnight. Pour it in the sprayer and shake it well before applying.

It is a non-toxic way to control pests in the garden. Those pests or insects that crawl on plants will contact with the powder is extremely dehydrating, where as dehydration lead pests and insects to death.

Month Wise Vegetable Sowing List

Month Wise Vegetable sowing list

Sowing the first process in Terrace Gardening . There will be suitable period for every seed for sowing . Base on the weather conditions sowing season will be decided . We advice gardeners to check Moth wise Vegetable sowing chart before sowing the seeds .

Month Wise Vegetable Sowing List

Month Wise Vegetable sowing list

Month North India South India
JANUARY Brinjal Lettuce,Spinach, Gourds, Melons, Radish, Carrot, Onion, Tomato,Okra,Brinjal, Bean
FEBRUARY Applegourd, Bittergourd, Bottle gourd, Cucumber, French Beans, Okra, Sponge, Gourd, Watermelon, Spinach Same as January
MARCH Same as February Amaranthus, Coriander, Gourds, Beans, Melons, Spinach, Okra
APRIL Capsicum Onion, Amaranthus, Coriander, Gourds, Okra, Tomato, Chilli
MAY Onion, Pepper, Brinjal Okra, Onion, Chilli
JUNE All gourds, Brinjal, Cucumber, Cauliflower (Early), Okra, Onion,Sem,Tomato,Pepper Gourds, Solanaeceae,Almost all vegetables
JULY All gourds, Cucumber, Okra, Sem, Tomato Same as June
AUGUST Carrot, Cauliflower, Radish, Tomato Carrot, Cauliflower, Beans, Beet
SEPTEMBER Cabbage, Carrot, Cauliflower, Peas, Radish, Tomato, Lettuce Cauliflower, Cucumber, Onion,Peas,Spinach
OCTOBER Beet, Brinjal, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Lettuce, Peas, Radish, Spinach, Turnip Brinjal, Cabbage,Capsicum,Cucumber, Beans,Peas, Spinach, Turnip, Watermelon
NOVEMBER Turnip, Tomato, Radish, Pepper, Peas, Beet Beet, Eggplant, Cabbage, Carrot, Beans, Lettuce, Melon, Okra, Turnip
DECEMBER Tomato Lettuce, Pumpkin, Watermelon, Muskmelon, Ash gourd, Ridge gourd, Bitter gourd, Bottle gourd, Cucumber, Chilly, Cabbage,

Month Wise Vegetable sowing list

Vegetable Name
Months
Chilli April-May-June, November-December-January
Tomato January-February, June-July-August, November-December
Okra January-February-March, May-June-July, November
Brinjal January-February, May-June-July, October-November
Bottle Gourd January-February, June-July, November-December
Cluster Beans February-March, June-July-August.
Drumstick / Moringa May-June-July
Onion January-February, April-May-June, September-October
Radish January-February, August-September-October-November
Snake Gourd June-July, November-December-January
Pumpkin January-February-March, September-October-November-December
Lemon Cucumber February-March, November-December
Cabbage June-July, September-October-November-December
Capsicum January-February, June-July-August, October-November
Carrot August- September-October-November
Cucumber June-July, September-October, December-January
Dolichos All year round
Ridge Gourd September-October-November-December
Bitter Gourd January-February-March, June-July, November-December
Cauliflower June-July-August-September-October
Water Melon January-February-March, November-December
Muskmelon November-December-January-February

How To Start Terrace Gardening in Lock Down Days

How To Start Terrace Gardening in Lock Down Days

How To Start Terrace Gardening in Lock Down Days

How To Start Terrace Gardening in Lock Down Days

Hi all , We hope you are fine and doing well. First of all We request you to take care of you and your family and Your locality by obeying the rules that are imposed by the Government . Please follow Basic precautionary measures For preventing The COVID-19 virus .

We all are finding it difficult to be in home with plenty of free time. As we are beingGardener , we can try to do gardening with the material we have at our home . In this article we are going to provide basic ideas how to start gardening in this lock down .

We can start Gardening with the things that are available in our home. Gardening in this time may not look great but it will give you good experience which will be useful in your gardening journey . We request all Gardeners to advice your friends to start gardening in these lock down days . Once they experience the joy of gardening sure they will thank you for your advice .

The basic and essential things to start Gardening are Containers and Seeds . The other things like Vermi compost , Neem Oil  , water sprayer we can manage .

In general we use plastic pots or Grow Bags as containers  . Due to lock down we may not get them . If possible you visit your nearest Nursery . You may get Vermi Compost and Coco Peat and Plastic pots in nursery . Please visit nursery if that is in the permitted distance (within 2-3 Kms ) from your home .

Containers :

If you dont have any nursery near your home you can try old Paint Buckets or Plastic Buckets  or old plastic containers . Even you can use water bottles as containers based on their size . In the least case and for ” temporary purpose “ you may use plastic bags as containers .

Seeds

When coming to seeds , due to lock down you may not get the seeds of different types . Here we suggest you some basic seeds that you can get in home or in grocery shops . In general we will suggest any new gardener to start with leafy vegetables . Leafy vegetable germination will be high compared to other seeds and growth rate of Leafy vegetables in high. This good germination rate and high growth rate will give you boost to try other seeds like Vegetables and fruits in future . So always start gardening with leafy Vegetables .

Yo may try below mentioned seeds

Coriander Seeds :

Coriander Seeds

Coriander is the basic seed that we may get in our home or in grocery store . Try coriander as first seed to start with in your gardening . Take some coriander seeds available in your home or in grocery shop . Fresh seeds will germinate more compared to old stock . Please check for freshness before sowing them . If seeds in your home are old stock then get seed from grocery store .

Get the seeds and soak them in water for whole night . When you put them water some of the seeds will go down other will be on the top of the water .Pick the seeds that are in water , they only germinate . Sow them in soil in the depth of 0.5 -1 inch . Wait for 3-5 days they will germinate .

Fenugreek Seeds :

Fenugreek Seeds

The other seed you can try is Fenugreek / Methi . You can find the seeds in our home or in grocery store . Take some Fenugreek / Methi seeds available in your home or in grocery shop . Fresh seeds will germinate more compared to old stock . Please check for freshness before sowing them . If seeds in your home are old stock then get seeds from grocery store .

Get the seeds and soak them in water for whole night . When you put them water some of the seeds will go down other will be on the top of the water .Pick the seeds that are in water , they only germinate . Sow them in soil in the depth of 0.5 -1 inch . Wait for 3-5 days they will germinate .

Chilli Seeds

Chilli Seeds

You can also try Chilli seeds . You can find the seeds in our home or in grocery store . Take some Chilli seeds available in your home or in grocery shop . Fresh seeds will germinate more compared to old stock . Please check for freshness before sowing them . If the seeds in your home are old stock then get seeds from grocery store .

Get the seeds and soak them in water for whole night . When you put them water some of the seeds will go down other will be on the top of the water .Pick the seeds that are in water , they only germinate . Sow them in soil in the depth of 1-1.5 inch . Wait for 5-7 days they will germinate .

Mint Plant

Mint plant

You can plant mint using its stem. Bring a mint from your nearest grocery store, You may use its leaves except the top leaves and take the stems of atleast 8 cm of length.  Place the stems in a glass of water, Within 5 days roots will be developed and shall be ready to be planted in a container filled with soil.

If your store bought mint already have roots then you can plant them in a container directly without waiting for roots to grow. The mint grows 1 or 2 feet long.

There are other things you may try , like Ginger and Potato . If you are interested to continue further , drop your comment so that we will guide you to how to deal with other options available in these lock down days .