How to Grow Bottle Gourd in Home – Sowing, Basic Problems, Harvesting
Grow Bottle Gourd in your home or on terrace garden easily . In this post we will guide you through how to sow Bottle Gourd seeds and watering , basic diseases in Bottle Gourd farming . Follow the article and learn how easily you can grow Bottle Gourd in your Home or Terrace garden.
||January-February, June-July, November-December|
||5 to 10 days|
|Harvest Time||60 to 70 days|
Soil Requirement for Bottle Gourd
Soil mixing for the Bottle Gourd plant is very important to nourish the seeds. Soil Mixing stimulates growth process by providing essential nutrients, protecting the seeds and retaining moisture in a healthy way.
Mix 1 part of red soil with 1 part of vermicompost and 1 part of cocopeat. Also add handful of Neem power. Neem cake powder has insect controlling properties along with several nutrients useful for the soil and plants. Adding Neem powder to the soil mixing helps in elimination of harmful fungi and insects.
How To Sow Bottle Gourd Seeds ?
Seeds should be sown at a depth of 1 inch and at a distance of 1 feet from each other. We should keep the seeds moist during germination. We can sow Bottle Gourd Seeds directly.
It will take few days to few weeks for the seeds begin to push tiny sprouts through the soil. At this point, they should be moved to natural sunlight.
A 24*12 Inch Grow bag or 12*12 Inch grow bag would be ideal for growing Bottle Gourd. Use 12*12 Grow bag for each plant or use 24*12 Grow bag for 2-4 plants for good yielding.
Flowering begins 1–2 months taking another month for fruits.
What are Sun Light and Water requirements for Grow Bottle Gourd Plant ?
The summer crop requires frequent watering at an interval of 3 to 4 days. The winter crop must be watered only when needed. Usually, the rainy season crop does not require irrigation.
Water on a regular basis with garden sprayer so that the potting mixture is always moist but never soaking. Keep soil moist, check daily and provide extra water during a heat wave. Too much water will drown out the Grow Bottle Gourd and cause them to grow less.
How To Care for Grow Bottle Gourd Plants ?
Once the first fruit have set pinch out the growing tip of the first flowering shoots to promote more branching and a better harvest. Remove the weeds with hand immediately.
After your plants reach about 3 feet tall, remove the leaves from the bottom foot of the stem. These are the oldest leaves, and they are usually the first leaves to develop fungus problems. As the plants fill out, the bottom leaves get the least amount of sun and airflow. Provide some support to the branches and give vertical space.
How To Harvest Grow Bottle Gourd ?
In around two months time (60-70 days) your Grow Bottle Gourd should be ready to harvest. When you are ready to pick a Grow Bottle Gourd, gently pull and twist the Grow Bottle Gourd off the plant making sure you hold the main plant stem so that you don’t snap it.
The vegetables should be harvested when they are still green. Delay in harvesting causes the bottle gourd to become rotten or dried.
Basic Diseases In Bottle Gourd Plant Farming ?
In every plant we will see many types of insects and diseases . In Bottle Gourd plant farming we will observe the below mentioned diseases.
Symptoms include pale green areas separated by dark green areas that appear on the upper surface of the leaf. The lower surface will be covered with faint purplish fungal growth. The entire leaf dries up quickly.
Use of bed system with wide spacing with good drainage and air movement. The exposure to the sun help to check the disease development.
The best way to prevent downy mildew is to avoid the environmental conditions that favor the disease. Prune or stake plants and remove any weeds to improve air circulation. Water must be done in the early morning hours.
Powdery mildew is especially prevalent in hot dry conditions. White or brown mealy growth will be found on upper and lower surfaces and stems. Under severe infestations, the plant will be weakened and stunted.
Do Not Crowd Plants, spacing between the plants helps reduce the powdery mildew. Do Not Grow Susceptible Plants in the Shade, plants need sufficient sunlight to make there food. Dispose of Infected Leaves and Stems by hand. Watering must be done to moist the Soil, not the Plants.
The leaves will be severely mottled with alternating light green and dark green patches. Plants will be stunted, and fruits will be covered with bumpy protrusions. Severely affected fruit may be almost entirely white. Mosaic virus will be transferred by aphids and survives on a wide variety of plants.
Discard virus infected plants. Eliminate weeds and infected perennial ornamental that may harbor the virus is critical. Spray with any one of the systemic insecticides.
Cercospora leaf spot:
Brown spots or yellow specks develop initially on leaves and the spots enlarge rapidly and becomes circular to irregular with pale brown, tan or white centers and purple to almost black margins. The leaf may dry and die presenting the leaf a scorched appearance.
Avoid over watering or watering in the late evening to reduce free moisture. Avoid overhead watering where the water can dislodge and disperse spores to uninfected plants. Space plants to encourage air movement and reduce high humidity levels.