How to Grow Brinjal in Home – Sowing, Basic Problems, Harvesting
Grow Brinjal in your home or on terrace garden easily . In this post we will guide you through how to sow Brinjal seeds and watering , basic diseases in Brinjal farming . Follow the article and learn how easily you can grow Brinjal in your Home or Terrace garden.
||South India : January, October-November
North India : January, May-June-July, October
||Transplant or Direct|
||5 to 8 days|
|Harvest Time||50 to 60 days|
Soil Requirement for Brinjal
Soil mixing for the Brinjal plant is very important to nourish the seeds. Soil Mixing stimulates growth process by providing essential nutrients, protecting the seeds and retaining moisture in a healthy way.
Mix 1 part of red soil with 1 part of vermicompost and 1 part of cocopeat. Also add handful of Neem power. Neem cake powder has insect controlling properties along with several nutrients useful for the soil and plants. Adding Neem powder to the soil mixing helps in elimination of harmful fungi and insects.
How To Sow Brinjal Seeds ?
Fill the Grow bag with soil-mix and sow the Brinjal seeds at a depth of 1 cm at a distance of 15 cm. We should keep the seeds moist during germination. We can sow Brinjal seeds directly.
It will take few days to few weeks for the seeds begin to push tiny sprouts through the soil. At this point, they should be moved to natural sunlight.
A 24*12 Inch Grow bag or 12*12 Inch grow bag would be ideal for growing Brinjal. So, once the seeds have germinated, pick out the saplings and plant them separately in Grow Bag. Use 12*12 Grow bag for each plant or use 24*12 Grow bag for 4-5 plants for good yielding.
Flowering begins 1–2 months after transplanting taking another month for fruits.
What are Sun Light and Water requirements for Grow Brinjal Plant ?
Place them in an area that receives at least 6-8 hours of sunlight every day.
Water on a regular basis with garden sprayer so that the potting mixture is always moist but never soaking. Keep soil moist, check daily and provide extra water during a heat wave. Too much water will drown out the Grow Brinjal and cause them to grow less.
How To Care for Grow Brinjal Plants ?
Once the first fruit have set pinch out the growing tip of the first flowering shoots to promote more branching and a better harvest.
After your plants reach about 3 feet tall, remove the leaves from the bottom foot of the stem. These are the oldest leaves, and they are usually the first leaves to develop fungus problems. As the plants fill out, the bottom leaves get the least amount of sun and airflow.
How To Harvest Grow Brinjal ?
In around two months time (50-60 days) your Grow Brinjal should be ready to harvest. When you are ready to pick a Grow Brinjal, gently pull and twist the Grow Brinjal off the plant making sure you hold the main plant stem so that you don’t snap it.
Pick regular-sized eggplants at 4-5 inches long. Look for firm fruits, with a glossy shine. Dull skin is a sign that the plants are overripe.
Basic Diseases In Brinjal Plant Farming ?
In every plant we will see many types of insects and diseases . In Brinjal plant farming we will observe the below mentioned diseases.
Fruit and shoot borer is the most destructive pest of brinjal. The damage by this insect starts soon after transplanting of the seedlings and continues till harvest of fruits. Eggs are laid singly on ventral surface of leaves, shoots, and flower-buds and occasionally on fruits. In young plants, appearance of wilted drooping shoots is the typical symptom of damage by this pest; these affected shoots ultimately wither and die away.
Rogue out the affected plants and destroy them. Use Natural homemade organic pesticide to control it.
Phomopsis Blight and Fruit rot:
Phomopsis blight is a serious fungal disease of brinjal which is caused by the fungi Phomopsis vexans. It affects mostly stems, leaves and fruits of brinjal. Serious infection stem symptoms of this fungal disease include brown or dark sunken lesions slightly above the soil surface and can result in cankers. Seedlings eventually collapse and die. Affected leaves may turn yellow and drop prematurely.
Use of disease free seeds, seeds treatment with some fungicide and long crop rotation are the most common remedial measures of this disease
The disease symptoms are characterized by chlorotic lesion, angular to irregular in shape, later turning grayish-brown. Infected leaves will drop off prematurely, resulting in reduced fruit yield causes characteristic leaf spots with concentric rings.
Infected leaves are deformed, small and leathery. Very few fruits are produced on infected plants. Leaves also develop blisters in advanced cases. Severely infected leaves become small and misshapen. Plants infected early remain stunted. Destroy all weeds and avoid planting other plants near brinjal seed beds and field.
The disease occasionally occurs in serious form. The lower portion of the stem is affected by the soil borne inoculum (sclerotia). Decortication is the main symptom. Exposure and necrosis of underlying tissues may lead to the collapse of the plant.
Lack of plant vigour, accumulation of water around the stem, and mechanical injuries help in the development of this disease. Exposure and necrosis of underlying tissues may lead to collapse of the plant. Near the ground surface on the stem may be seen the mycelia and sclerotia.