How to Grow Chillies in Home – Sowing , Basic Problems , Harvesting
Grow Chillies in your home or on terrace garden easily . In this post we will guide you through how to sow Chilli and watering , basic diseases in chilling farming . Follow the article and learn how easily you can grow Chilli (pepper) in your Home or Terrace garden
||South India : April-May-June, November-December-January|
||7 to 10 days|
|Harvest Time||70 to 85 days|
Soil Requirement for Chilies
Soil mixing for the chilli plant is very important to nourish the seeds. Soil Mixing stimulates growth process by providing essential nutrients, protecting the seeds and retaining moisture in a healthy way.
Mix 1 part of red soil with 1 part of vermicompost and 1 part of cocopeat. Also add handful of Neem power. Neem cake powder has insect controlling properties along with several nutrients useful for the soil and plants. Adding Neem powder to the soil mixing helps in elimination of harmful fungi and insects.
How To Sow Chilli Seeds ?
Fill the Grow bag with soil-mix and sow the chilli seeds at a depth of 1/2 inch (1.3 cm) at a distance of 4 inches (10.2 cm). We should keep the seeds moist during germination. Its better to transplant after germination.
A 24*12 Inch Grow bag or 12*12 Inch grow bag would be ideal for growing chillies. So, once the seeds have germinated, pick out the saplings and plant them separately in Grow Bag. Use 12*12 Grow bag for each plant or use 24*12 Grow bag for 4-5 plants for good yielding.
Flowering begins 1–2 months after transplanting taking another month for green fruits.
What are Sun Light and Water requirements for Chilli Plant ?
Chilies grow best in warm and humid conditions. Place them in an area that receives at least 6-8 hours of sunlight every day.
Water on a regular basis with garden sprayer so that the potting mixture is always moist but never soaking. Keep soil moist, check daily and provide extra water during a heat wave. Too much water will drown out the chilies and cause them to grow less.
How To Care for Chili Plants ?
Once the first fruit have set pinch out the growing tip of the first flowering shoots to promote more branching and a better harvest.
After your plants reach about 3 feet tall, remove the leaves from the bottom foot of the stem. These are the oldest leaves, and they are usually the first leaves to develop fungus problems. As the plants fill out, the bottom leaves get the least amount of sun and airflow.
How To Harvest Chilies ?
In around two months time (70-85 days) your chilies should be ready to harvest. When you are ready to pick a chili, gently pull and twist the chili off the plant making sure you hold the main plant stem so that you don’t snap it. Chilies can be harvested when they are green or red. In chili, first picking should be done at green stage to stimulate further growth of flowers and fruit set.
Basic Diseases In Chili Plant Farming ?
In every plant forming we will see many types of insects and diseases . In Chilli plant farming the below mentioned diseases we will observe .
Bacterial leaf spot :
Bacterial leaf spot causes lesions on the leaves that look as though they are soaked with water. These lesions normally begin on the lower leaves. As the disease progresses, it leaves a dark, purple-brown spot with a light brown center. Bacterial leaf spot on peppers causes spotting and raised cracks in the fruit.
- The leaves exhibit small, circular or irregular, dark brown or black greasy spots. As the spots enlarge in size, the centre becomes lighter surrounded by a dark band of tissue.
- The spots coalesce to form irregular lesions. Severely affected leaves become chlorotic and fall off. Petioles and stems are also affected.
- On the fruits, round, raised water soaked spots with a pale yellow border are produced.
Pepper Mosaic Virus:
This virus is spread by aphids and whiteflies and is injected straight into the leaves and stems of chilli plants. This virus results in leaf curls along with molting.
- Green and yellow patches in a mosaic pattern on leaves.
- Curled and Distorted leaves
- Slows plant growth.
- Low pod growth and very poor yields.
Wilt in Chillies
Fusarium wilt is caused by a fungus, which is not easy to see on the plant. The disease enters through the roots of the plant and will affect the plant from the roots to the leaves. It travels inside the plant through the food supplying vessels of the plant. Vessels become blocked and turn yellow. Afterwards, the leaves and fruit also start to turn yellow and become wilted.
The disease can often be found in the seeds if they are taken from an already diseased plant. It is important therefore to make sure you treat the seeds before you plant them.
Sometimes, when the plant is already growing, it can be attacked by fungus present in the soil. Chemicals can treat the problem when it is seen on the plant, but they must be applied before it has caused too much damage.